Muscle weakness

Management of MND Muscle Weakness

This information is for health and social care professionals. You may also want to see our information for people living with or affected by MND on:


Motor neurone disease (MND) is a progressive and terminal disease that results in degeneration of the motor neurones, or nerves, in the brain and spinal cord.

Muscle wasting in MND causes weakness and can affect balance and posture, with the risk of falls.

General muscle tightness or spasticity (stiffness, rigidity and spasms) can affect mobility, coordination of movement and may cause pain or increase the risk of falls.


  • physiotherapy (including walking aids, orthotics, splints, active and passive exercise, posture management)
  • occupational therapy for posture management and equipment for managing activities of daily living
  • medication for spasticity
  • an exercise programme to maintain joint range of movement, prevent contractures, reduce stiffness and discomfort, and optimise function and quality of life. It may be a resistance, active-assisted or passive programme and should be appropriate to the person's needs, function, abilities and preferences.

For further information and support contact our MND Connect helpline

mndconnect 0808 802 6262